Introduction to the impact of blockchain technology, such as cryptocurrency, on the environment and climate

Feb 01, 2023 | wjb news

Cryptocurrency and blockchain technology, because with the popularization and use of cryptocurrency, NFT or irreplaceable tokens and other digital products increasing significantly, are increasingly moving online. Cryptocurrency and blockchain do cause carbon emissions, but they can be effectively handled using the same technology itself. This is an article to help you understand the impact of blockchain and cryptocurrency on the climate.

Reducing carbon footprint is good for any enterprise and the earth, but there are still many problems.

For example:

1. How to avoid any major interference when implementing new measures to reduce carbon emissions in the supply chain?

2. How to maintain accuracy in calculating carbon emissions and climate impacts?

3. When new opportunities arise, how can enterprises make the best use of them to obtain more profits?

4. How to create new and more sustainable employment opportunities without affecting the climate?

Finding answers to these and other questions is critical to accurately reporting carbon emissions. Although there are social and regulatory initiatives to reduce the carbon footprint, as carbon credits promote innovation and create new markets, business opportunities will still be created. These markets have specific goals to achieve. One of the most important goals is to improve the availability and liquidity, while selling the remaining carbon credits to other companies. However, there are many things you need to know before you continue to work on accounting. This will make your knowledge more comprehensive. Especially when the market, carbon credit, cryptocurrency and blockchain technology play a role.

Cryptocurrency uses blockchain technology to verify and validate transactions on it. The chain uses cryptocurrency technology to link all authenticated records together. The process of verifying transactions by participants on the blockchain network is called mining, which will generate new currencies. Mining is an important part of the blockchain network and basically involves agreement and approval on the current status of decentralized and distributed ledgers (called blockchains). It is the working process of the blockchain that makes records immutable or tamperproof, which ensures the security of the network as a whole. Therefore, cryptocurrency currency or bitcoin can be used as verifiable currency.

Ideally, blockchain records can ensure that currencies are verified and legal. This is the same as verifying that the dollar is real by looking at watermarks, security lines, microforms, and color changing inks. Blockchain technology has been widely adopted and applied to cryptocurrencies. These cryptocurrencies can influence new innovation, thereby changing the current financial system and making it more efficient, transparent, inclusive and secure.

Cryptocurrency currency is considered to be extremely energy consuming.

It is estimated that Bitcoin alone consumes more than 100 TWh of energy. Therefore, mining cryptocurrency requires a lot of computing power, and varies according to the specific types of consensus protocols followed during mining. In general, mining proved by work consumes more energy than mining proved by consensus, which depends on the number of currencies stacked by participants. Projects seeking long-term sustainability follow the PoS agreement and use renewable energy in the mining process. In particular, it has been proved that the energy intensive aspects of the mining process lead to a large number of greenhouse gas emissions and endanger the climate.

This growing concern has led stakeholders to address the climate impacts associated with their cryptocurrency activities. However, historically, it has never been easy or consistent to accurately estimate the impact of cryptocurrency mining activities on the climate. This is because it needs to accurately calculate the specific criteria for greenhouse gas emissions for all stakeholders of the entire cryptocurrency ecosystem.

The cryptocurrency industry did not have such accounting standards until recently.

It is found that this special challenge can be easily and effectively addressed through the use of blockchain technology. Therefore, different organizations, institutions, governments and countries have taken a number of important steps to address this challenge.

First, on April 8, 2021, the Cryptocurrency Climate Agreement was established and announced. Its main initiative is to make the cryptocurrency industry completely renewable by 2025 by acting as a coordination framework for decarbonization in all aspects. According to the agreement, the framework includes:

1. By 2025, all global blockchain networks will be fully powered by renewable energy.

2. Create open source accounting standards to measure carbon or greenhouse gas emissions from the cryptocurrency industry.

3. By 2040, the whole cryptocurrency industry and all business operations outside the blockchain will achieve net zero emissions and eliminate historical emissions.

However, some people believe that it is not enough for the Cryptocurrency Climate Agreement to create a framework for carbon emission reduction in blockchain technology. In addition, accurate and acceptable methods are required to track and record carbon emissions.

It is also believed that building a carbon credit market based on blockchain is only a part of the solution, not the whole solution. Generally, an effective solution also needs to include ensuring that the transactions carried out on the 50 ton carbon offset blockchain are met. It should also include evidence that it is happening and is reasonable.


The movement towards more environmentally friendly encryption has begun, and people are wholeheartedly supporting it. At the same time, people can also use other environmentally friendly cryptocurrency options to reduce the impact on the climate. There are many new and little-known cryptocurrencies available, which are more sustainable than Bitcoin and Ethereum in using proof of interest or PoS consensus rather than energy intensive proof of work or PoW protocol.